Wt  4.0.2
Public Member Functions | Protected Member Functions | List of all members
Wt::WFormWidget Class Referenceabstract

An abstract widget that corresponds to an HTML form element. More...

#include <Wt/WFormWidget.h>

Inheritance diagram for Wt::WFormWidget:
Inheritance graph
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Public Member Functions

 WFormWidget ()
 Creates a WFormWidget.
 
 ~WFormWidget ()
 Destructor.
 
WLabellabel () const
 Returns the label associated with this widget. More...
 
virtual void setHidden (bool hidden, const WAnimation &animation=WAnimation()) override
 Sets the hidden state of this widget. More...
 
virtual WString valueText () const =0
 Returns the current value. More...
 
virtual void setValueText (const WString &value)=0
 Sets the value text. More...
 
void setValidator (const std::shared_ptr< WValidator > &validator)
 Sets a validator for this field. More...
 
virtual std::shared_ptr< WValidatorvalidator () const
 Returns the validator.
 
virtual ValidationState validate ()
 Validates the field. More...
 
void setEnabled (bool enabled)
 Sets whether the widget is enabled. More...
 
virtual void setReadOnly (bool readOnly)
 Sets the element read-only. More...
 
bool isReadOnly () const
 Returns whether the form element is read-only. More...
 
virtual void setPlaceholderText (const WString &placeholder)
 Sets the placeholder text. More...
 
const WStringplaceholderText () const
 Returns the placeholder text. More...
 
EventSignalchanged ()
 Signal emitted when the value was changed. More...
 
Signal< WValidator::Result > & validated ()
 Signal emitted when the widget is being validated. More...
 
virtual void refresh () override
 Refresh the widget. More...
 
virtual void setToolTip (const WString &text, TextFormat textFormat=TextFormat::Plain) override
 Sets a tooltip. More...
 
virtual bool canReceiveFocus () const override
 Returns whether the widget can receive focus. More...
 
virtual int tabIndex () const override
 Returns the tab index. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WInteractWidget
 WInteractWidget ()
 Create an InteractWidget.
 
EventSignal< WKeyEvent > & keyWentDown ()
 Event signal emitted when a keyboard key is pushed down. More...
 
EventSignal< WKeyEvent > & keyPressed ()
 Event signal emitted when a "character" was entered. More...
 
EventSignal< WKeyEvent > & keyWentUp ()
 Event signal emitted when a keyboard key is released. More...
 
EventSignalenterPressed ()
 Event signal emitted when enter was pressed. More...
 
EventSignalescapePressed ()
 Event signal emitted when escape was pressed. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & clicked ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was clicked on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & doubleClicked ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was double clicked on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentDown ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was pushed down on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentUp ()
 Event signal emitted when a mouse key was released on this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentOut ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse went out of this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWentOver ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse entered this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseMoved ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse moved over this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseDragged ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse is dragged over this widget. More...
 
EventSignal< WMouseEvent > & mouseWheel ()
 Event signal emitted when the mouse scroll wheel was used. More...
 
EventSignal< WTouchEvent > & touchStarted ()
 Event signal emitted when a finger is placed on the screen. More...
 
EventSignal< WTouchEvent > & touchEnded ()
 Event signal emitted when a finger is removed from the screen. More...
 
EventSignal< WTouchEvent > & touchMoved ()
 Event signal emitted when a finger, which is already placed on the screen, is moved across the screen. More...
 
EventSignal< WGestureEvent > & gestureStarted ()
 Event signal emitted when a gesture is started. More...
 
EventSignal< WGestureEvent > & gestureChanged ()
 Event signal emitted when a gesture is changed. More...
 
EventSignal< WGestureEvent > & gestureEnded ()
 Event signal emitted when a gesture is ended. More...
 
void setDraggable (const std::string &mimeType, WWidget *dragWidget=nullptr, bool isDragWidgetOnly=false, WObject *sourceWidget=nullptr)
 Configure dragging for drag and drop. More...
 
void unsetDraggable ()
 Disable drag & drop for this widget. More...
 
void setMouseOverDelay (int delay)
 Sets a delay for the mouse over event. More...
 
int mouseOverDelay () const
 Returns the mouse over signal delay. More...
 
virtual void setPopup (bool popup) override
 Lets the widget overlay over other sibling widgets. More...
 
virtual void load () override
 Loads content just before the widget is used. More...
 
virtual bool isEnabled () const override
 Returns whether the widget is enabled. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWebWidget
 WWebWidget ()
 Construct a WebWidget.
 
virtual std::vector< WWidget * > children () const override
 Returns child widgets. More...
 
SignalchildrenChanged ()
 Signal emitted when children have been added or removed. More...
 
virtual void setPositionScheme (PositionScheme scheme) override
 Sets the CSS position scheme. More...
 
virtual PositionScheme positionScheme () const override
 Returns the CSS position scheme. More...
 
virtual void setOffsets (const WLength &offset, WFlags< Side > sides=AllSides) override
 Sets CSS offsets for a non-statically positioned widget. More...
 
virtual WLength offset (Side s) const override
 Returns a CSS offset. More...
 
virtual void resize (const WLength &width, const WLength &height) override
 Resizes the widget. More...
 
virtual WLength width () const override
 Returns the width. More...
 
virtual WLength height () const override
 Returns the height. More...
 
virtual void setMinimumSize (const WLength &width, const WLength &height) override
 Sets a minimum size. More...
 
virtual WLength minimumWidth () const override
 Returns the minimum width. More...
 
virtual WLength minimumHeight () const override
 Returns the minimum height. More...
 
virtual void setMaximumSize (const WLength &width, const WLength &height) override
 Sets a maximum size. More...
 
virtual WLength maximumWidth () const override
 Returns the maximum width. More...
 
virtual WLength maximumHeight () const override
 Returns the maximum height. More...
 
virtual void setLineHeight (const WLength &height) override
 Sets the CSS line height for contained text.
 
virtual WLength lineHeight () const override
 Returns the CSS line height for contained text. More...
 
virtual void setFloatSide (Side s) override
 Specifies a CSS float side. More...
 
virtual Side floatSide () const override
 Returns the CSS float side. More...
 
virtual void setClearSides (WFlags< Side > sides) override
 Sets the sides that should be cleared of floats. More...
 
virtual WFlags< SideclearSides () const override
 Returns the sides that should remain empty. More...
 
virtual void setMargin (const WLength &margin, WFlags< Side > sides=AllSides) override
 Sets CSS margins around the widget. More...
 
virtual WLength margin (Side side) const override
 Returns a CSS margin set. More...
 
virtual void setHiddenKeepsGeometry (bool enabled) override
 Sets whether the widget keeps its geometry when hidden. More...
 
virtual bool hiddenKeepsGeometry () const override
 Returns whether the widget keeps its geometry when hidden. More...
 
virtual bool isHidden () const override
 Returns whether the widget is set hidden. More...
 
virtual bool isVisible () const override
 Returns whether the widget is visible. More...
 
virtual void setDisabled (bool disabled) override
 Sets whether the widget is disabled. More...
 
virtual bool isDisabled () const override
 Returns whether the widget is set disabled. More...
 
virtual bool isPopup () const override
 Returns whether the widget is overlayed. More...
 
virtual void setInline (bool isInline) override
 Sets whether the widget is displayed inline or as a block. More...
 
virtual bool isInline () const override
 Returns whether the widget is displayed inline or as block. More...
 
virtual void setDecorationStyle (const WCssDecorationStyle &style) override
 Sets a CSS decoration style. More...
 
virtual WCssDecorationStyledecorationStyle () override
 Returns the decoration style of this widget. More...
 
virtual void setStyleClass (const WString &styleClass) override
 Sets (one or more) CSS style classes. More...
 
virtual WString styleClass () const override
 Returns the CSS style class. More...
 
virtual void addStyleClass (const WString &styleClass, bool force=false) override
 Adds a CSS style class. More...
 
virtual void removeStyleClass (const WString &styleClass, bool force=false) override
 Removes a CSS style class. More...
 
virtual bool hasStyleClass (const WString &styleClass) const override
 Returns whether the widget has a style class.
 
virtual void setVerticalAlignment (AlignmentFlag alignment, const WLength &length=WLength()) override
 Sets the vertical alignment. More...
 
virtual AlignmentFlag verticalAlignment () const override
 Returns the vertical alignment. More...
 
virtual WLength verticalAlignmentLength () const override
 Returns the fixed vertical alignment that was set. More...
 
virtual void setDeferredToolTip (bool enable, TextFormat textFormat=TextFormat::Plain) override
 Enable deferred tooltip. More...
 
virtual WString toolTip () const override
 Returns the tooltip.
 
virtual void setAttributeValue (const std::string &name, const WString &value) override
 Sets an attribute value. More...
 
virtual WString attributeValue (const std::string &name) const override
 Returns an attribute value. More...
 
virtual void setJavaScriptMember (const std::string &name, const std::string &value) override
 Sets a JavaScript member. More...
 
virtual std::string javaScriptMember (const std::string &name) const override
 Returns the value of a JavaScript member. More...
 
virtual void callJavaScriptMember (const std::string &name, const std::string &args) override
 Calls a JavaScript member. More...
 
virtual bool loaded () const override
 Returns whether this widget has been loaded. More...
 
virtual void setId (const std::string &id) override
 Sets the CSS Id. More...
 
virtual WWidgetfind (const std::string &name) override
 Finds a descendent widget by name. More...
 
virtual WWidgetfindById (const std::string &id) override
 Finds a descendent widget by id.
 
virtual void setSelectable (bool selectable) override
 Sets as selectable. More...
 
virtual void doJavaScript (const std::string &javascript) override
 Executes the given JavaScript statements when the widget is rendered or updated. More...
 
virtual const std::string id () const override
 Returns the (unique) identifier for this object. More...
 
void setLoadLaterWhenInvisible (bool)
 Change the way the widget is loaded when invisible. More...
 
std::string htmlTagName () const
 returns the current html tag name More...
 
void setHtmlTagName (const std::string &tag)
 set the custom HTML tag name More...
 
virtual void setCanReceiveFocus (bool enabled) override
 Sets whether the widget can receive focus. More...
 
virtual bool setFirstFocus () override
 Set focus on the widget's first descendant. More...
 
virtual void setFocus (bool focus) override
 Sets focus. More...
 
virtual bool hasFocus () const override
 Returns whether the widget currently has the focus.
 
virtual void setTabIndex (int index) override
 Sets the tab index. More...
 
EventSignalblurred ()
 Signal emitted when the widget lost focus. More...
 
EventSignalfocussed ()
 Signal emitted when the widget recieved focus. More...
 
virtual bool scrollVisibilityEnabled () const finaloverride
 Returns whether scroll visibility detection is enabled for this widget. More...
 
virtual void setScrollVisibilityEnabled (bool enabled) finaloverride
 Sets whether scroll visibility detection is enabled for this widget. More...
 
virtual int scrollVisibilityMargin () const finaloverride
 Returns the margin around the viewport within which the widget is considered visible. More...
 
virtual void setScrollVisibilityMargin (int margin) finaloverride
 Sets the margin around the viewport within which the widget is considered visible. More...
 
virtual Signal< bool > & scrollVisibilityChanged () finaloverride
 Signal triggered when the scroll visibility of this widget changes. More...
 
virtual bool isScrollVisible () const finaloverride
 Returns whether this widget is currently considered scroll visible. More...
 
virtual void setThemeStyleEnabled (bool enabled) finaloverride
 Sets whether theme styling for a widget is enabled or disabled. More...
 
virtual bool isThemeStyleEnabled () const finaloverride
 Returns whether this widget is currently styled by the chosen theme. More...
 
virtual void setObjectName (const std::string &name) override
 Sets an object name. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWidget
virtual ~WWidget ()
 Destructor. More...
 
WWidgetparent () const
 Returns the parent widget.
 
virtual std::unique_ptr< WWidgetremoveWidget (WWidget *widget)
 Removes a child widget.
 
std::unique_ptr< WWidgetremoveFromParent ()
 Removes the widget from its parent. More...
 
void setWidth (const WLength &width)
 Sets the width. More...
 
void setHeight (const WLength &height)
 Sets the height. More...
 
virtual void positionAt (const WWidget *widget, Orientation orientation=Orientation::Vertical)
 Positions a widget next to another widget. More...
 
virtual void toggleStyleClass (const WString &styleClass, bool add, bool force=false)
 Toggles a CSS style class.
 
std::string jsRef () const
 Returns a JavaScript expression to the corresponding DOM node. More...
 
void setFocus ()
 Sets focus. More...
 
virtual void acceptDrops (const std::string &mimeType, const WString &hoverStyleClass=WString())
 Sets a mime type to be accepted for dropping. More...
 
virtual void stopAcceptDrops (const std::string &mimeType)
 Indicates that a mime type is no longer accepted for dropping. More...
 
virtual void htmlText (std::ostream &out)
 Streams the (X)HTML representation. More...
 
bool isRendered () const
 Returns whether the widget is rendered. More...
 
void hide ()
 Hides the widget. More...
 
void animateHide (const WAnimation &animation)
 Hides the widget using an animation. More...
 
void show ()
 Shows the widget. More...
 
void animateShow (const WAnimation &animation)
 Shows the widget using an animation. More...
 
void enable ()
 Enables the widget. More...
 
void disable ()
 Disable thes widget. More...
 
bool layoutSizeAware () const
 Returns whether the widget is layout size aware. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WObject
void addChild (std::unique_ptr< WObject > child)
 Add a child WObject whose lifetime is determined by this WObject.
 
template<typename Child >
Child * addChild (std::unique_ptr< Child > child)
 Add a child WObject, returning a raw pointer. More...
 
std::unique_ptr< WObjectremoveChild (WObject *child)
 Remove a child WObject, so its lifetime is no longer determined by this WObject.
 
virtual std::string objectName () const
 Returns the object name. More...
 
void resetLearnedSlots ()
 Resets learned stateless slot implementations. More...
 
template<class T >
void resetLearnedSlot (void(T::*method)())
 Resets a learned stateless slot implementation. More...
 
template<class T >
WStatelessSlot * implementStateless (void(T::*method)())
 Declares a slot to be stateless and learn client-side behaviour on first invocation. More...
 
template<class T >
WStatelessSlot * implementStateless (void(T::*method)(), void(T::*undoMethod)())
 Declares a slot to be stateless and learn client-side behaviour in advance. More...
 
void isNotStateless ()
 Marks the current function as not stateless. More...
 
template<class T >
WStatelessSlot * implementJavaScript (void(T::*method)(), const std::string &jsCode)
 Provides a JavaScript implementation for a method. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::Core::observable
 observable () noexcept
 Default constructor.
 
virtual ~observable ()
 Destructor. More...
 

Protected Member Functions

virtual void enableAjax () override
 Progresses to an Ajax-enabled widget. More...
 
virtual void render (WFlags< RenderFlag > flags) override
 Renders the widget. More...
 
virtual void propagateSetEnabled (bool enabled) override
 Propagates that a widget was enabled or disabled through children. More...
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWebWidget
virtual WStatelessSlot * getStateless (Method method) override
 On-demand stateless slot implementation. More...
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWidget
void setLayoutSizeAware (bool sizeAware)
 Sets the widget to be aware of its size set by a layout manager. More...
 
virtual void layoutSizeChanged (int width, int height)
 Virtual method that indicates a size change. More...
 
 WWidget ()
 Creates a widget.
 
virtual void dropEvent (WDropEvent dropEvent)
 Handles a drop event. More...
 
virtual int boxPadding (Orientation orientation) const
 Returns the widget's built-in padding. More...
 
virtual int boxBorder (Orientation orientation) const
 Returns the widget's built-in border width. More...
 
void scheduleRender (WFlags< RepaintFlag > flags=None)
 Schedules rerendering of the widget. More...
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Public Types inherited from Wt::WObject
typedef void(WObject::* Method) ()
 Typedef for a WObject method without arguments.
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWebWidget
static std::string jsStringLiteral (const std::string &v, char delimiter= '\'')
 Turn a CharEncoding::UTF8 encoded string into a JavaScript string literal. More...
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from Wt::WWidget
static WString tr (const char *key)
 Short hand for WString::tr() More...
 

Detailed Description

An abstract widget that corresponds to an HTML form element.

A WFormWidget may receive focus (see canReceiveFocus()), can be disabled, and can have a label that acts as proxy for getting focus. It provides signals which reflect changes to its value, or changes to its focus.

Form widgets also have built-in support for validation, using setValidator(WValidator *). If the validator provide client-side validation, then an invalid validation state is reflected using the style class "Wt-invalid". All validators provided by Wt implement client-side validation.

On the server-side, use validate() method to validate the content using a validator previously set.

Member Function Documentation

bool Wt::WFormWidget::canReceiveFocus ( ) const
overridevirtual

Returns whether the widget can receive focus.

See also
setCanReceiveFocus()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

EventSignal & Wt::WFormWidget::changed ( )

Signal emitted when the value was changed.

For a keyboard input, the signal is only emitted when the focus is lost

void Wt::WFormWidget::enableAjax ( )
overrideprotectedvirtual

Progresses to an Ajax-enabled widget.

This method is called when the progressive bootstrap method is used, and support for AJAX has been detected. The default behavior will upgrade the widget's event handling to use AJAX instead of full page reloads, and propagate the call to its children.

You may want to reimplement this method if you want to make changes to widget when AJAX is enabled. You should always call the base implementation.

See also
WApplication::enableAjax()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WPushButton, and Wt::WSlider.

bool Wt::WFormWidget::isReadOnly ( ) const

Returns whether the form element is read-only.

See also
setReadOnly()
WLabel* Wt::WFormWidget::label ( ) const

Returns the label associated with this widget.

Returns the label (if there is one) that acts as a proxy for this widget.

See also
WLabel::setBuddy(WFormWidget *)
const WString& Wt::WFormWidget::placeholderText ( ) const

Returns the placeholder text.

See also
setPlaceholderText()
void Wt::WFormWidget::propagateSetEnabled ( bool  enabled)
overrideprotectedvirtual

Propagates that a widget was enabled or disabled through children.

When enabling or disabling a widget, you usually also want to disable contained children. This method is called by setDisabled() to propagate its state to all children.

You may want to reimplement this method if they wish to render differently when a widget is disabled. The default implementation will propagate the signal to all children.

Reimplemented from Wt::WInteractWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WTextEdit, Wt::WDateEdit, and Wt::WTimeEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::refresh ( )
overridevirtual

Refresh the widget.

The refresh method is invoked when the locale is changed using WApplication::setLocale() or when the user hit the refresh button.

The widget must actualize its contents in response.

Note
This does *not* rerender the widget! Calling refresh() usually does not have any effect (unless you've reimplemented refresh() to attach to it an effect).

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WComboBox, Wt::WAbstractToggleButton, Wt::WDateEdit, Wt::WDoubleSpinBox, and Wt::WAbstractSpinBox.

void Wt::WFormWidget::render ( WFlags< RenderFlag flags)
overrideprotectedvirtual

Renders the widget.

This function renders the widget (or an update for the widget), after this has been scheduled using scheduleRender().

The default implementation will render the widget by serializing changes to JavaScript and HTML. You may want to reimplement this widget if you have been postponing some of the layout / rendering implementation until the latest moment possible. In that case you should make sure you call the base implementation however.

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WLineEdit, Wt::WSlider, Wt::WDateEdit, Wt::WTimeEdit, Wt::WDoubleSpinBox, and Wt::WAbstractSpinBox.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setEnabled ( bool  enabled)

Sets whether the widget is enabled.

A widget that is disabled cannot receive focus or user interaction.

This is the opposite of setDisabled().

void Wt::WFormWidget::setHidden ( bool  hidden,
const WAnimation animation = WAnimation() 
)
overridevirtual

Sets the hidden state of this widget.

If the widget has a label, it is hidden and shown together with this widget.

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

Reimplemented in Wt::WDateEdit, and Wt::WTimeEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setPlaceholderText ( const WString placeholder)
virtual

Sets the placeholder text.

This sets the text that is shown when the field is empty.

Reimplemented in Wt::WTextEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setReadOnly ( bool  readOnly)
virtual

Sets the element read-only.

A read-only form element cannot be edited, but the contents can still be selected.

By default, a form element area is not read-only.

See also
setEnabled()

Reimplemented in Wt::WTextEdit.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setToolTip ( const WString text,
TextFormat  textFormat = TextFormat::Plain 
)
overridevirtual

Sets a tooltip.

The tooltip is displayed when the cursor hovers over the widget.

When textFormat is TextFormat::XHTML, the tooltip may contain any valid XHTML snippet. The tooltip will then be rendered using JavaScript.

Note: This will set deferred tooltip to false.

See also
setDeferredTooltip()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

void Wt::WFormWidget::setValidator ( const std::shared_ptr< WValidator > &  validator)

Sets a validator for this field.

The validator is used to validate the current input.

The default value is 0.

See also
validate()
virtual void Wt::WFormWidget::setValueText ( const WString value)
pure virtual

Sets the value text.

This sets the current value from a string value.

Implemented in Wt::WSlider, Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WLineEdit, Wt::WComboBox, Wt::WTextArea, and Wt::WAbstractToggleButton.

int Wt::WFormWidget::tabIndex ( ) const
overridevirtual

Returns the tab index.

See also
setTabIndex()

Reimplemented from Wt::WWebWidget.

ValidationState Wt::WFormWidget::validate ( )
virtual

Validates the field.

See also
validated()

Reimplemented in Wt::WLineEdit, and Wt::WAbstractSpinBox.

Signal<WValidator::Result>& Wt::WFormWidget::validated ( )

Signal emitted when the widget is being validated.

This signal may be useful to react to a changed validation state.

See also
validate()
virtual WString Wt::WFormWidget::valueText ( ) const
pure virtual

Returns the current value.

This returns the current value as a string.

Implemented in Wt::WSlider, Wt::WPushButton, Wt::WLineEdit, Wt::WComboBox, Wt::WTextArea, and Wt::WAbstractToggleButton.


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